Terpenes In The Cannabis Plant

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Terpenes In The Cannabis Plant

Terpenes in the Cannabis Plant

Terpenes are aromatized natural compounds located within the oils of all plants. The Marijuana or Cannabis plant produces at least 100 terpenes, while plants produce more than 20,000 terpenes which act as a defense against herbivores that consume them and to attract friendly predators and pollinators.

The production of terpene depends on natural factors like temperature, humidity, and intensity of light intensity and these factors are integrated into the reaction to stress. Therefore, licensed producers of medical cannabis can focus on regulating the growing conditions of medical cannabis strains.

Human use terpenes as a natural way to determine the type of cannabis strains which is suitable for their endocannabinoid system.

Cannabis Oil

How terpenes work in the body

Terpenes hinder the uptake of serotonin in the human body and improve the occurrence of norepinephrine which functions as antidepressants and augmenting the production of dopamine. Which controls our emotions and pleasant experiences, and increases GABA which is the “lower” neurotransmitter connected with relaxing effects.

as a result, There is still ongoing research on the combined medicinal effect of terpenes in terms of cannabinoids, feelings and consumer behavior.

Nevertheless, current research states that the metabolites of terpenes lessen the impacts of cannabinoids including THC and CBD by connecting to endocannabinoid receptors and neurotransmitters and emulating compounds naturally produced by the body responsible for controlling our feelings, weight, wellbeing, etc. According to the FDA and other state organizations, terpenes are considered to be safe.

Finally, Cannabis researchers, producers, and advocates are using research as a means to modify strains to use terpenes to stabilize the negative effects of cannabinoids, for instance and pinene balances the short-term memory loss resulting from high concentrations of THC.

You can also check out our article about Terpenes Vs Essential Oils.

Terpenes found in cannabis and their effects


Pinene is well-known worldwide because of its anti-inflammatory properties. This terpene can be located within orange peels, pine needles, basil, and parsley. It reduces short-term memory loss resulting from high amounts THC, enhances airflow to your lungs and increases responsiveness.


This is the most popular terpene found in the cannabis plant and it’s located within mangoes, hops, thyme, lemongrass, and basil. It accounts for half of the terpenes found in the cannabis plant. Myrcene has anti-inflammatory properties and it can be used as a tranquilizer, and a muscle relaxer. Myrcene can also be found in most indica strains and which makes users feel lazy and tired.


The terpene has the flavor of lemons, oranges, mandarins, limes, and grapefruits. It’s also used in producing perfumes because of decent smell. Limonene elevates mood, alleviate stress, and it is composed of antifungal and antibacterial properties. Furthermore, it enhances the integration of different terpenes and chemicals through the skin. And it works well in strains used for tinctures, ointments, and other topicals.


Humulene can be located in hops, coriander, cloves, and basil. This terpene has anti-inflammatory properties and it can be used to decrease appetite


This terpene is located within flowers and spices. Linalool is highly recognized for its stress-relieving, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depressant properties. It stabilizes the paranoia effects from THC, making it a good treatment of both anxiety and psychosis.


Caryophyllene is located within Thai basils, cloves, cinnamon leaves, and black pepper. Research suggests that it can help in the treatment of anxiety, depression, and has anti-inflammatory properties.


This terpene is located within sage and rosemary. Terpinolene has sedative, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties. Research suggests that it depresses the central nervous system which leads to drowsiness and anxiety.

Check out the article What is Dabbing?

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